The issue of financial sustainability needs to be assessed objectively and apolitically. As incomes increase, both private and out-of-pocket shares of total health spending decrease.
Placing all participants in a single pool and requiring contributions according to capacity to pay rather than individual or average pool risk facilitates cross-subsidization and, depending on the level of pooled resources, can significantly increase financial protection. The donor community needs to put MICs on the agenda both in terms of their economic and social development and in terms of their use as good practice examples for LICs as they transition to MIC status.
That is why; it is also called as aggressive working capital policy. Therefore, targeting scarce public subsidies across different risk pooling schemes is probably the most feasible way to finance equity subsidies for the poor and those outside formal pooling arrangements.
It can take advantage of sudden opportunities. The Republic of Korea and Taiwan, China, have implemented mandatory universal participation, including gradual expansion to the whole population, whereas Panama has expanded coverage to dependents of contributing members.
There may be policies that are tilted towards liquidity and others may be towards profitability. It attempts to strike a balance between Financing strategies and policies and cost of idle funds. For instance, in the case of Mexico, the SSO operates a scheme that is partially subsidized by the central government, yet the scheme still has experienced severe adverse selection and has few participants, which has also discouraged actively promoting enrollment World Bank c.
The working capital management strategies define how these two types of working capital are financed. The donor community needs to harmonize procedures, ensure aid predictability, and guarantee longer-term assistance.
Health Financing Systems Health financing provides the resources and economic incentives for the operation of health systems and is a key determinant of health system performance in terms of equity, efficiency, and health outcomes. The amount of this cost would depend on two things viz.
LICs and certain MICs will be challenged both to publicly finance essential public and personal health services and to ensure financial protection through equity subsidies. The financial strategy should detail the collections plan.
Clearly, neither increased domestic resource mobilization nor future economic growth will provide the resources necessary for LICs to finance their health needs, whether defined in terms of a basic package of essential health services or whether identified within the framework of the MDGs.
It is also critical for the international community to reassess the entire official development assistance and DAH structure; to develop country-compatible mechanisms to reinforce promised international redistribution; and to improve the targeting, levels, predictability, and timeliness of external assistance.
Furthermore, studies indicate that user fees can improve benefit incidence if user fee and waiver policies have been well designed and implemented and if providers are compensated for forgone revenues. Concepts, Issues, and Working Arrangements. Considerations The financial strategy of a business plan should be a general guide.
While some specifics, such as approval authorities can be outlined, it will be difficult to account for every possible financial scenario that may arise in the business. Arhin-Tenkorang and Palmer and others suggest that the overall effect is negative: The biggest benefit of this policy is that it has reasonable assurance of smooth operation of working operating capital cycle with moderate profitability.
Decisions in Working Capital Management If anybody describes the benefits of working capital management in terms of money, it would most likely be the cost of capital that a business pays on the investment in working capital. Although the evidence tenuously demonstrates a positive relationship between public spending on health and selected health indicators, it falls far short of a definitive statement Bidani and Ravallion ; Filmer and Pritchett ; Gupta, Verhoeven, and Tiongson ; World Bank ; World Bank The report, entitled “Industrialize Africa: Strategies, Policies, Institutions and Financing”, was published to coincide with Africa Industrialization Day on November With contributions from 16 authors, including Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz, and famous economists such as Justin Yifu Lin, Haroon Bhorat, Ravi Kanbur, John Page, AfDB.
The report, entitled “Industrialize Africa: Strategies, Policies, Institutions and Financing”, was published to coincide with Africa Industrialization Day on November With contributions from 16 authors, including Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz, and famous economists such as Justin Yifu Lin, Haroon Bhorat, Ravi Kanbur, John Page, AfDB.
The aggressive financing strategy is based on hedging or matching which means that company requirements are matched with financing options available. In an aggressive strategy permanent requirements are funded by long term financing and temporary requirements are funded by short term financing.
3 Strategies of Working Capital Financing There are three strategies or approaches or methods of working capital financing – Maturity Matching (Hedging), Conservative and Aggressive.
Hedging approach is an ideal method of financing with moderate risk and profitability. Cash management policies should focus on budgeting, forecasting and financing and indicate how to handle day-to-day activities such as collections, procurement/ordering and payment.
Keep in mind, too, that cash flow management is not just a finance issue; it’s an operational issue. Use our free policies and procedures template to get your financial processes set up.
Includes petty cash, debt collection, dealing with clients/customers.Download